During the elementary school years children experience
rapid social, emotional, and intellectual growth. As they venture
into the outside world, feelings of self-worth are tested while they
seek to fit in to a group of their peers.
During this phase of development, children become capable of
performing increasingly complex tasks and need to cope with new
social and academic demands. As a result, they strive to master new
skills. As children gradually increase the amount of time spent away
from the family, they develop peer relationships, make friends, deal
with teasing by peers, manage conflict, and develop empathy for
Children who are encouraged by parents, guardians, and teachers
develop a sense of competence and belief in their skills.
Those who receive little or no encouragement from parents,
guardians, teachers, or peers will doubt their ability to be
successful and can develop low self-esteem.